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The redox state of recombinant human serum albumin and its optimal concentration for mouse embryo culture.


Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2012 Oct 10;


Authors: Otsuki J, Nagai Y, Matsuyama Y, Terada T, Era S


Abstract

Albumin has multiple physiological functions in embryo culture, such as a chelator of heavy metals, free radical scavenger, pH and osmotic regulator, a stabilizer, growth factor carrier, a surfactant, and a nutrient. However, the commercially available human serum albumin (HSA) products may not be completely safe since they could be contaminated with viruses and prions. Recombinant human serum albumin (rHSA) has been reported to be as efficient as commercial HSA for fertilization and embryo development. Despite the possible benefits of rHSA, it has not been widely used for embryo culture due to its high cost of production. Our objective was to analyze the redox state of different types of HSA products and rHSA to define oxidative status batch variations of HSA and rHSA and to evaluate the optimal concentration of rHSA for mouse embryo culture. The redox state of the HSA and rHSA used in embryo culture media was found to vary widely. Redox variations were found among different HSA batches as well as among rHSA batches. The highest blastocyst development and hatching rates were obtained with rHSA used at a concentration of 0.05 mg/mL. We showed that very low concentrations of rHSA were most favorable for advanced mouse embryo development in culture.

PMID: 23050831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]