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Synthesis and Characterization of a Lipidic Alfa Amino Acid: Solubility and Interaction with Serum Albumin and Lipid Bilayers.

J Phys Chem B. 2013 Mar 11;

Authors: Filipe HA, Coreta-Gomes FM, Velázquez-Campoy A, Almeida AR, Peixoto AF, Pereira MM, Vaz WL, Moreno MJ


The lipidic α-amino acid with 11 carbons in the alkyl lateral chain (α-aminotridecanoic acid) was synthesized via multicomponent hydroformylation/Strecker reaction which is a greener synthetic approach to promote this transformation relative to previously described methods. Its solubility and aggregation behavior in aqueous solutions was characterized, as well as the interaction with lipid bilayers. Lipidic amino acids are very promising molecules in the development of prodrugs with increased bioavailability due to the presence of the two polar functional groups and non-polar alkyl chain. They are also biocompatible surfactants that may be used in the food and pharmaceutical industry. In this work we have conjugated the lipidic amino acid with a fluorescent polar group (7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl), to mimic drug conjugates, and its association with serum proteins and lipid bilayers was characterized. The results obtained indicate that conjugates of polar molecules with lipidic α-amino acid, via covalent attachment to the amine group, have a relatively high solubility in aqueous solutions due to their negative global charge. They bind to serum albumin with intermediate affinity and show a very high partition coefficient into lipid bilayers in the liquid-disordered state. The attachment of the polar group to the lipidic amino acid increased strongly the aqueous solubility of the amphiphile although the partition coefficient into lipid membranes was not significantly reduced. Conjugation of polar drugs with lipidic amino acids is therefore an efficient approach to increase their affinity for biomembranes.

PMID: 23477590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]