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Steric and electrostatic surface forces on sulfonated PEG graft surfaces with selective albumin adsorption.


Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2013 Jan 30;106C:102-108


Authors: Bremmell KE, Britcher L, Griesser HJ


Abstract

Addition of ionized terminal groups to PEG graft layers may cause additional interfacial forces to modulate the net interfacial interactions between PEG graft layers and proteins. In this study we investigated the effect of terminal sulfonate groups, characterizing PEG-aldehyde (PEG-CHO) and sulfonated PEG (PEG-SO(3)) graft layers by XPS and colloid probe AFM interaction force measurements as a function of ionic strength, in order to determine surface forces relevant to protein resistance and models of bio-interfacial interaction of such graft coatings. On the PEG-CHO surface the measured interaction force does not alter with ionic strength, typical of a repulsive steric barrier coating. An analogous repulsive interaction force of steric origin was also observed on the PEG-SO(3) graft coating; however, the net interaction force changed with ionic strength. Interaction forces were modelled by steric and electrical double layer interaction theories, with fitting to a scaling theory model enabling determination of the spacing and stretching of the grafted chains. Albumin, fibrinogen, and lysozyme did not adsorb on the PEG-CHO coating, whereas the PEG graft with terminal sulfonate groups showed substantial adsorption of albumin but not fibrinogen or lysozyme from 0.15M salt solutions. Under lower ionic strength conditions albumin adsorption was again minimized as a result of the increased electrical double-layer interaction observed with the PEG-SO(3) modified surface. This unique and unexpected adsorption behaviour of albumin provides an alternative explanation to the "negative cilia" model used by others to rationalize observed thromboresistance on PEG-sulfonate coatings.

PMID: 23434698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]