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Sgk-1 is a Positive Regulator of Constitutive Albumin Uptake in Renal Proximal Tubule Cells.

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2012 Oct 15;30(5):1215-1226

Authors: Hryciw DH, Kruger WA, Briffa JF, Slattery C, Bolithon A, Lee A, Poronnik P


Background/Aims: Receptor-mediated endocytosis of albumin by the renal proximal tubule requires a number of proteins including megalin/cubilin, sodium/hydrogen exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) and ClC-5, as well as the PSD-95/Dlg/Zo-1 (PDZ) scaffold sodium/hydrogen exchanger regulatory factor 2 (NHERF2). Despite members from the AGC kinase family, v-Akt Murine Thymoma Viral Oncogene (Akt or Protein Kinase B) and Serum/Glucocorticoid regulated Kinase 1 (Sgk-1) regulating a number of essential proteins in the albumin handling pathway, their role in uptake is largely unknown. Methods: Opossum kidney (OK) cells were exposed to Texas-Red albumin, in the presence of silencing constructs against Sgk-1, Akt and NHERF2, in addition to the NHE3 inhibitor 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)-amiloride (EIPA) and NHE3 activator dexamethasone. Target protein was also measured by Western blot analysis in OK cells following exposure to dexamethasone and albumin. Results: Silencing Sgk-1 or overexpression of a dominant negative mutant (DN-Sgk-1) led to a significant reduction of albumin endocytosis compared to control. Conversely, over-expression of wildtype (WT) or constitutively active (CA) Sgk-1 significantly increased uptake. Previous reports have shown Sgk-1 can activate NHE3 through an interaction mediated by NHERF2. We found that silencing both Sgk-1 and NHERF2 demonstrated no additive effect on uptake, suggesting signaling via similar endpoints. Treatment with dexamethasone increased Sgk-1 protein levels and increased albumin endocytosis in OK cells. Interestingly, silencing Akt also lead to a reduction in albumin endocytosis, however in cells silenced for both Sgk-1 and Akt, the additive change in albumin uptake demonstrated that these proteins may act via separate pathways. Conclusions: We have characterized a Sgk-dependent pathway that regulates albumin uptake in the proximal tubule which also includes NHE3 and NHERF2. These data provide further insights into this essential tubular process.

PMID: 23075606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]