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Physicochemical and immunological studies on 4-hydroxynonenal modified HSA: Implications of protein damage by lipid peroxidation products in the etiopathogenesis of SLE.


Hum Immunol. 2012 Aug 20;


Authors: Khatoon F, Moinuddin, Alam K, Ali A


Abstract

4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is the most abundant and toxic aldehyde generated by the oxidation of plasma membrane polyunsaturated fatty acids. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic autoimmune disease, is primarily characterized by increased levels of autoantibodies, predominantly against ds-DNA. However, the initial antigenic stimulus for the disease etiopathogenesis has remained elusive. HNE has been extensively used as a biomarker of oxidative stress. It can form adduct with proteins, making them highly immunogenic. Increased levels of such aldehyde-protein adducts have been reported in various pathological states, including autoimmune disorders like SLE and arthritis. In the present study, HNE-mediated structural changes in human serum albumin (HSA) were characterized by UV, fluorescence, CD and FT-IR spectroscopy as well as by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, immunogenicity of native and HNE-modified HSA was probed in female rabbits. The HNE-modified HSA was highly immunogenic eliciting high titre immunogen specific antibodies. Binding of SLE anti-DNA antibodies was analyzed by direct binding and competition ELISA. The data show preferential binding of SLE autoantibodies to HNE-modified HSA as compared to native HSA or native DNA. Our results suggest that HNE modification generates neoepitopes on HSA causing enhanced autoantibodies production. The results point towards the possible role of HNE-modified HSA in SLE etiopathogenesis.

PMID: 22917540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]