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Novel Bis-C,N-Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Thiosemicarbazide Antitumor Complexes: Interactions with Human Serum Albumin and DNA, and Inhibition of Cathepsin B.


Inorg Chem. 2013 Jan 9;


Authors: Ruiz J, Vicente C, de Haro C, Bautista D


Abstract

A series of new organoiridium(III) complexes [Ir(N-C)(2)(N-S)]Cl (HN-C = 2-phenylpyridine (Hppy), N-S = methyl thiosemicarbazide (1), phenyl thiosemicarbazide (2) and naphtyl thiosemicarbazide (3)) have been synthesized and characterized. The crystal structure of (1) has been established by X-ray diffraction, showing the thiosemicarbazide ligand bound to the iridium atom as N,S-chelate. The cytotoxicity studies show that they are more active than cisplatin (about 5-fold) in T47D (breast cancer) at 48 h incubation time. On the other hand, very low resistance factors (RF) of 1-3 in A2780cisR (cisplatin-resistant ovarian carcinoma) at 48 h were observed (RF ≈ 1). Ir accumulation in T47D cell line after 48 h continuous exposure for complexes 1-3 are higher than that corresponding to cisplatin (about 10 times). The complexes 1-3 bind strongly to HSA with binding constants of about 10(4) M(-1) at 296 K, binding occurring at the warfarin site I for 2. Complexes 2 and 3 are also capable of binding in the minor groove of DNA as shown by Hoechst 33258 displacement experiments. Furthermore, complex 2 is also a good cathepsin B inhibitor (an enzyme implicated in a number of cancer related events), being the enzyme reactivated by cysteine.

PMID: 23301676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]