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Interaction of carboxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes with bovine serum albumin.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2012 Dec 20;105C:45-51

Authors: Li L, Lin R, He H, Jiang L, Gao M


Carboxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes (c-SWNTs) were synthesized prosperously in order to improve dispersion of raw carbon nanotubes. Then, bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as the template protein to study the biocompatibility of c-SWNTs by UV-Vis, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic methods at the molecular level. Results from fluorescence spectrum showed obvious decreases in fluorescence intensity of BSA induced by c-SWNTs, indicating the occurrence of interaction between BSA and c-SWNTs. Static quenching effect of c-SWNTs was verified by linear Stern-Volmer plots and K(SV) values. Thermodynamic parameters at different temperatures demonstrated that the interaction between c-SWNTs and BSA was mainly favored by hydrophobic force. In addition, Na(+) interfered with the quenching effect of c-SWNTs, which revealed that electrostatic force played a role in binding roles of BSA to c-SWNTs simultaneously. The results of UV and synchronous fluorescence spectrum validated that hydrophobicity of amino acid residues expressly increased with the addition of c-SWNTs. The content of α-helix structure in BSA decreased by 14.06% with c-SWNTs viewed from CD spectrum. Effect of SWNTs on the conformation of BSA could be controlled by the surface chemistry of SWNTs.

PMID: 23291228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]