albumin - publications

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Induction of albumin expression in HepG2 cells using immobilized simplified recombinant fibronectin protein.

In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim. 2013 May 7;

Authors: Nishida Y, Taniguchi A


Optimization of the extracellular environment is very important for hepatocyte function in vitro. We expressed new chimeric proteins of the collagen-binding domain (CBD) with cell attachment site (CAS) of fibronectin to enhance hepatocyte function, and the CBD-CAS proteins were immobilized on collagen-coated plates. We hypothesized that the high density of CAS would increase activity of the integrin-dependent intracellular signaling pathway, thus inducing hepatocyte function. Expression of albumin in the human hepatocyte cell line HepG2 was assessed on CBD-CAS-immobilized dishes. The results indicated that the CBD-CAS-immobilized plates induced albumin expression. Immobilized CBD-CAS induced activation of focal adhesion kinase and integrin-ligand clustering on the cell membrane. These results suggest that immobilized CBD-CAS improves the function of HepG2 cells. This system could therefore be applied to drug metabolism assay in the development of new drugs.

PMID: 23649815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]