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Hsa-miR-499 rs3746444 Polymorphism Contributes to Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis of 12 Studies.

PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e50887

Authors: Qiu MT, Hu JW, Ding XX, Yang X, Zhang Z, Yin R, Xu L


BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) occurred in pre-microRNAs or targets of microRNAs (miRs) may contribute to cancer risks. Since 2007, many studies have investigated the association between common SNPs located on hsa-miR-499 (rs3746444) and cancer risks; however, the results were inconclusive.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 12 studies that included 5765 cases and 7076 controls to identify the strength of association. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to assess the strength of association. Overall, individuals with the variant AG (OR = 1.215, 95% CI: 1.027, 1.437; P(heterogeneity)<0.01) and AG/GG (OR = 1.227, 95% CI: 1.046, 1.439; P(heterogeneity)<0.01) genotypes were associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer than those with wild AA genotype. Sub-group analysis revealed that the variant AG (OR = 1.411, 95% CI: 1.142, 1.745; P(heterogeneity) = 0.01) and AG/GG (OR = 1.413, 95% CI: 1.163, 1.717, P(heterogeneity) = 0.01) genotypes still showed an increased risk of cancer in Asians; however, a trend of reduced risk of cancer was observed in Caucasians (AG vs. AA: OR = 0.948, 955 CI: 0.851, 1.057, P(heterogeneity) = 0.12; AG/GG vs. AA: OR = 0.959, 95% CI: 0.865, 1.064; P(heterogeneity) = 0.19). Meta-regression showed that ethnicity (p = 0.048) and sample size (p = 0.02) but not cancer types (p = 0.89) or source of control (p = 0.97) were the sources of heterogeneity.

CONCLUSIONS: These meta-analysis results suggest that hsa-miR-499 polymorphism rs3746444 is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer, especially in Asian populations.

PMID: 23236400 [PubMed - in process]