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Elucidation of the Therapeutic Enhancer Mechanism of Poly-S-nitrosated Human Serum Albumin against Multidrug-resistant Tumor in Animal Models.


J Control Release. 2012 Oct 10;


Authors: Ishima Y, Hara M, Kragh-Hansen U, Inoue A, Suenaga A, Kai T, Watanabe H, Otagiri M, Maruyama T


Abstract

Human serum albumin (HSA) is the most abundant circulating protein and its S-nitrosated form serves as a reservoir of nitric oxide (NO). Previously, we prepared poly-S-nitrosated HSA (Poly-SNO-HSA) by incubation with Traut's Reagent and isopentyl nitrite and evaluated its potential as a novel anticancer agent through apoptosis involving the caspase-3 pathway. Recently, NO donors such as nitroglycerin were reported to revert the resistance to anticancer agents. Therefore, now we have evaluated the effect of the above type of Poly-SNO-HSA on the resistance to doxorubicin (dx) in human myelogenous leukemic cells (K562 cells). P-gp expression and dx accumulation in K562 and dx-resistant K562 cells (K562/dx cells) were quantified using Western blot and FACS analysis, respectively. Compared with parent K562 cells, higher expression of P-gp and lower accumulation of dx were shown in K562/dx cells. Poly-SNO-HSA caused increased dx accumulation in K562/dx cells by decreasing the expressions of P-gp and HIF-1α. Other experiments with the guanylate cyclase inhibitor ODQ and 8-Br-cGMP revealed that also a cGMP signaling pathway is involved in the Poly-SNO-HSA induced increase in dx accumulation. Furthermore, in vivo studies showed that co-treatment with Poly-SNO-HSA enhanced the anticancer effect of dx in K562/dx cells-bearing mice. Thus, in addition to its proapoptotic effect Poly-SNO-HSA can in an efficient manner revert drug resistance both in vitro and in vivo, and two pathways for this effect have been identified.

PMID: 23063551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]