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Development of (68)Ga-labelled DTPA galactosyl human serum albumin for liver function imaging.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2013 Apr 12;

Authors: Haubner R, Vera DR, Farshchi-Heydari S, Helbok A, Rangger C, Putzer D, Virgolini IJ


PURPOSE: The hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor is responsible for degradation of desialylated glycoproteins through receptor-mediated endocytosis. It has been shown that imaging of the receptor density using [(99m)Tc]diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) galactosyl human serum albumin ([(99m)Tc]GSA) allows non-invasive determination of functional hepatocellular mass. Here we present the synthesis and evaluation of [(68)Ga]GSA for the potential use with positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS: Labelling of GSA with (68)Ga was carried out using a fractionated elution protocol. For quality control thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) techniques were evaluated. Stability of [(68)Ga]GSA was studied in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and human serum. For in vivo evaluation [(68)Ga]GSA distribution in Lewis rats was compared with [(99m)Tc]GSA by using a dual isotope protocol. PET and planar imaging studies were performed using the same scaled molar dose of [(68)Ga]GSA and [(99m)Tc]GSA. Time-activity curves (TAC) for heart and liver were generated and corresponding parameters calculated (t50, t90). RESULTS: [(68)Ga]GSA can be produced with high radiochemical purity. The best TLC methods for determining potential free (68)Ga include 0.1 M sodium citrate as eluent. None of the TLC methods tested were able to determine potential colloids. This can be achieved by SEC. HPLC confirmed high radiochemical purity (>98 %). Stability after 120 min incubation at 37 °C was high in PBS (>95 % intact tracer) and low in human serum (∼27 % intact tracer). Biodistribution studies simultaneously injecting both tracers showed comparable liver uptake, whereas activity concentration in blood was higher for [(68)Ga]GSA compared to [(99m)Tc]GSA. The [(99m)Tc]GSA TACs exhibited a small degree of hepatic metabolism compared to the [(68)Ga]GSA curves. The mean [(68)Ga]GSA t90 was higher than the mean t90 for [(99m)Tc]GSA. The mean [(68)Ga]GSA t50 was not significantly different from the mean t50 for [(99m)Tc]GSA. CONCLUSION: This study provides a promising new (68)Ga-labelled compound based on a commercially used kit for imaging the functional hepatocellular mass.

PMID: 23579865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]