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Covalent albumin microparticles as an adjuvant for production of mucosal vaccines against hepatitis B.


Biomacromolecules. 2013 Jul 18;


Authors: Sitta DL, Guillherme MR, Garcia FP, Cellet TS, Nakamura CV, Muniz EC, Rubira AF


Abstract

Covalently modified albumin (BSA) microparticles were developed for potential use as an adjuvant in mucosal vaccines against hepatitis B. To synthesize consistent protein particles, a covalent approach was proposed to modify BSA. Our strategy was to bond maleic anhydride (MA) molecules to BSA structure by nucleophilic reaction for further radical crosslinking/polymerization reaction with N',N'-dimethylacrylamide (DMAAm). The presence of poly(N',N'-dimethylacrylamide) in the protein network enables the microparticles to show well-defined, homogenous forms. Cytotoxicity tests showed that the cytotoxic concentration for 50% of VERO cells (CC50) was 216.25±5.30 µg mL-1 in 72 h of incubation. The obtained CC50 value is relatively low for an incubation time of 72 h, suggesting an acceptable biocompatibility. Assay of total protein showed that the encapsulation efficiency of the microparticles with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 77.7±0.2%. For the reference sample, which was incubated without HBsAg, the quantity of protein was below the limit of detection.

PMID: 23863080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]