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A human serum albumin-thioredoxin fusion protein prevents experimental contrast-induced nephropathy.

Kidney Int. 2013 Jan 2;

Authors: Kodama A, Watanabe H, Tanaka R, Tanaka H, Chuang VT, Miyamoto Y, Wu Q, Endo M, Hamasaki K, Ishima Y, Fukagawa M, Otagiri M, Maruyama T


Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), caused by a combination of the direct tubular toxicity of contrast media, a reduction in medullary blood flow, and the generation of reactive oxygen species, is a serious clinical problem. A need exists for effective strategies for its prevention. Thioredoxin-1 (Trx) is a low-molecular-weight endogenous redox-active protein with a short half-life in the blood due to renal excretion. We produced a long-acting form of Trx as a recombinant human albumin-Trx fusion protein (HSA-Trx) and examined its effectiveness in preventing renal injury in a rat model of ioversol-induced CIN. Compared with saline, a mixture of HSA and Trx, or Trx alone, intravenous HSA-Trx pretreatment significantly attenuated elevations in serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase along with the decrease in creatinine clearance. HSA-Trx also caused a substantial reduction in the histological features of renal tubular injuries and in the number of apoptosis-positive tubular cells. Changes in the markers 8-hydroxy deoxyguanosine and malondialdehyde indicated that HSA-Trx significantly suppressed renal oxidative stress. In HK-2 cells, HSA-Trx decreased the level of reactive oxygen species induced by hydrogen peroxide, and subsequently improved cell viability. Thus, our results suggest that due to its long-acting properties, HSA-Trx has the potential to effectively prevent CIN.Kidney International advance online publication, 2 January 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2012.429.

PMID: 23283135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]